COVID-19, unlike any other virus, cannot survive in normal environment. From different lab test it proves that this virus can only survive if explored to an active human body. Various study proves that the most contagious viruses die within in minutes outside the body, although some may persist for several hours. Some reports even stay that there are very rear chances that the virus may survive as long as 1 to 3 days on some hard plastic or metal surfaces. This would include car door handles, steering wheels, dash buttons, turn signal levers, gear shift handles, even seat belts and cup holders. That is the reason why it is always recommended to sanitize your car at regular intervals, with steam rather than with hard chemicals.
How does COVID virus spread so speedily?
This virus spreads when droplets of water containing the virus are expelled by an infected person in a cough or sneeze. When these particles are inhaled by others and come in contact with cells lining the throat and the voice box. Once they are inside, they make multiple copies of virus inside which lead to spread of infection. Antibodies generated by the body’s immune system eventually target the virus and, in most cases, halt its progress.
A Covid-19 infection is generally mild, and that really is the secret of the virus’s success. Many people don’t notice this symptom and continue with their daily life at work, homes and supermarkets infecting others.
When does this Virus causes death?
When this virus moves down the respiratory tract and infects the lungs many of the cells are destroyed due to which the lungs become congested with bits of broken cell. In such cases, the patient will require treatment in intensive care.
Even worse, if a person’s immune system goes into overdrive, attracting cells to the lungs in order to attack the virus, resulting in inflammation. This process can run out of control, more immune cells pour in, and the inflammation gets worse. In some cases, this can kill the patient.
Symptoms of COVID virus
People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported, from mild symptoms which may lead to severe illness. There are chances that the symptoms may appear 2-14 days after getting exposed to the virus. People with the following symptoms may have COVID-19:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- New loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
This list does not include all possible symptoms. If you see someone showing any of these signs, seek emergency medical care immediately.
How to protect from getting infected?
Older adults and people who have severe underlying medical conditions like heart or lung disease or diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing serious complications if infected by this virus. So the best way to prevent this illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap is not available you can use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact everywhere, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members. And if you are outside your home always keep a two-hand distant between yourself and people who don’t live in your household. Always remember that some people without symptoms may be able to spread virus.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a mask when around others. The mask is meant to protect yourself from infected people as well as it can be a medium for other people’s protection in case you are infected. Everyone should use mask in public except for children under 2 years or the even the people who have issue with breathing.
- Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow and do not spit. Throw the used tissues and sanitize your hands with sanitizer or handwash.
- Always Disinfect the frequently touched surfaces daily. These includes the places tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- Be alert of symptoms of Coronavirus. Especially if you are running essential errands, going into the office or workplace, and in settings where it may be difficult to keep a physical distance of 6 feet.